Wesley, John


Wesley, John
► (1705-91) Reformador británico, fundador del metodismo. Fomentó el desarrollo del metodismo como secta disidente con ordenación obligatoria y otras medidas. Los escritos de Wesley son, en su mayoría, refundiciones de obras antiguas y modernas sobre puntos de mira de los metodistas.

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(1703–1791).

Clérigo anglicano, evangelista y cofundador del metodismo. El decimoquinto hijo de un ex ministro disidente, se graduó de la Universidad de Oxford y fue ordenado sacerdote de la Iglesia de Inglaterra en 1728. Desde 1729 participó en un grupo de estudios religiosos en Oxford organizado por su hermano Charles (n. 1707–m. 1788), a cuyos miembros se les tildó de "metodistas por su énfasis en el estudio y devoción metódicos. El grupo creció en adherentes y comenzó a desarrollar actividades sociales y caritativas. Después de una misión rotundamente malograda a la colonia norteamericana de Georgia (1735–37), regresaron a Londres, donde se sometieron al influjo de la Iglesia de Moravia. En 1738, inspirados por la teología de Martín Lutero, los hermanos Wesley tuvieron una experiencia religiosa que los convenció de que la salvación era posible sólo a través de la fe. Evangelistas fervorosos, tuvieron gran éxito predicando a las masas en las siguientes décadas. En 1784, John comenzó a ordenar ministros ante la negativa del obispo de Londres a hacerlo por su cuenta (a pesar de la desaprobación de Charles) y declaró su independencia de la Iglesia de Inglaterra. Ambos escribieron gran cantidad de himnos, entre los cuales se cuenta "Hark, the Herald Angels Sing y "Christ the Lord Is Ris'n Today.

Enciclopedia Universal. 2012.

Mira otros diccionarios:

  • Wesley, John — ( 1703 1791 )    founder of Methodism    John Wesley was born on June 17, 1703, at Epworth, England, the 15th of 19 children born to Samuel and Susannah Wesley. His father was an Anglican priest. His mother was a Puritan, notable for her learning …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Wesley John — Football player infobox| playername= Wesley John fullname =Wesley John nickname = dateofbirth = birth date and age|1976|10|4 cityofbirth = Kingstown countryofbirth = St. Vincent height = height|ft=6|in=0 currentclub = C.D. Portosantense… …   Wikipedia

  • Wesley, John — (1703–1791) Anglican clergyman, evangelist, and cofounder of Methodism. The 15th child of a former Nonconformist minister, he graduated from Oxford University and became a priest in the Church of England in 1728. From 1729 he participated in a… …   Universalium

  • Wesley, John — (1703–91)    Denomination Founder.    Wesley was the fifteenth child of the Rector of Epworth, in Humberside, England. He was educated at the University of Oxford and he was ordained to the Church of England ministry. He took over the leadership… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Wesley, John — (17 June 1703, Epworth, Lincolnshire, England – 2 March 1791, London)    Anglican priest who, along with his brother Charles Wesley, founded Methodism. He profoundly influenced hymnody in England and America through a series of hymnals beginning… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • Wesley,John — Wes·ley (wĕsʹlē, wĕzʹ ), John. 1703 1791. British religious leader who founded Methodism (1738). His brother Charles (1707 1788) wrote thousands of hymns, including “Hark, the Herald Angels Sing.” * * * …   Universalium

  • Wesley, John — (1703 1791)    Theological writer, diarist, and founder of Methodism, was the second surviving s. of the Rev. Samuel W., Rector of Epworth, Lincolnshire. The name was also written Westley and Wellesley, and the family appears to be the same as… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Wesley, John — (1928 Los Angeles ) (USA)    Painter. Beginning in the early 1960s he has produced Pop Art like images based on cartoonish characters rendered in flat color areas, often with erotic overtones. Best known for his rendering of animals.… …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • WESLEY, JOHN —    the founder of Methodism, born at Epworth, in Lincolnshire, son of the rector; was educated at the Charterhouse and at Lincoln College, Oxford, of which he became a Fellow; while there he and his brother, with others, were distinguished for… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • WESLEY, John — (1703 179l)    English founder of METHODISM who was influenced by German MORAVIAN PIETY and ZINZENDORF. He experienced a dramatic CONVERSION at a PRAYER MEETING in 1738 at Aldersgate Street, London which led him to abandon controversial FORMS of… …   Concise dictionary of Religion


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